Elections on reunification were scheduled for July 1956. Le Viêt Cong désigne les forces de guérilla agissant au Sud Viet Nâm (la République du Viet Nâm), de 1954 jusqu’à l’annexion de ce pays par son voisin du Nord, la … : +33 3 83 96 21 76 - Fax : +33 3 83 97 24 56 Culture the Vietnam War the Vietnam War Like the Korean War, the Vietnam War was a result of US policy during the Cold War, a period when Americans believed that Communism, the political system in the Soviet Union and China, was a threat to their security and power. Desiring "businesslike" relations, the Kremlin favored incumbent, Trà begins, "How did the B2 theater carry out the mission assigned it by the Military Commission of the Party Central Committee?" Le VC était en fait le PLAF, la branche armée du FNL établit début 1961 après la décision des nord-vietnamiens d'augmenter le niveau des forces armées au sud-Vietnam. [9][nb 1] Many writers shorten this to National Liberation Front (NLF). By mid-1962, there were 12,000 U.S. military advisors in Vietnam. Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai negotiated the terms of the ceasefire with France and then imposed them on the Viet Minh. A member of the communist guerrilla movement in Vietnam that fought the South Vietnamese government forces 1954–75 with the support of the North Vietnamese army and opposed the South Vietnamese and US forces in the Vietnam War. [6] A series of uprisings beginning in the Mekong Delta province of Bến Tre in January 1960 created "liberated zones", models of Viet Cong-style government. Tales of sensational murder and mayhem soon crowded the headlines. [64] "We did not base ourselves on scientific calculation or a careful weighing of all factors, but...on an illusion based on our subjective desires", Trà concluded. By the terms of the Geneva Accord (1954), which ended the Indochina War, France and the Viet Minh agreed to a truce and to a separation of forces. Disappointed with the results of the 1964 U.S. presidential election, the Kremlin did not try to influence the election of 1968. [6] It is a contraction of Việt Nam Cộng-sản (Vietnamese communist),[6] or alternatively Việt gian cộng sản ("Communist Traitor to Vietnam"). The Ho Chi Minh Trail, beginning as a series of treacherous mountain tracks at the start of the war, was upgraded throughout the war, first into a road network driveable by trucks in the dry season, and finally, into paved, all-weather roads that could be used year-round, even during the monsoon. A member of the communist guerrilla movement in Vietnam that fought the South Vietnamese government forces 1954–75 with the support of the North Vietnamese army and opposed the South Vietnamese and US forces in the Vietnam War. [41] The winter of 1964–1965 was a high-water mark for the Viet Cong, with the Saigon government on the verge of collapse. Find definitions for: Vi•et•cong. Vietcong - Traduction Anglais-Français : Retrouvez la traduction de Vietcong, mais également des exemples avec le mot Vietcong... - Dictionnaire, définitions, traduction, section_expression, conjugaison. Ses objectifs initiaux sont on ne peut plus clairs: bouter les … La puissance coloniale française paraît en position de faiblesse. et Cong (vē-ĕt′kŏng′, -kông′, vē′ĭt-, vyĕt′-) n. pl. CIA. COSVN retreated to Mimot in Cambodia. [nb 3] Although the NLF was not officially abolished until 1977, the Viet Cong no longer used the name after PRG was created. CBS News footage of the Tet Offensive. [68], Aside from some districts in the Mekong Delta, the Viet Cong failed to create a governing apparatus in South Vietnam following Tet, according to an assessment of captured documents by the U.S. Vocabulaire apparenté par le sens [modifier le wikicode] vietminh; Traductions [modifier le wikicode] a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam. [86] The official Vietnamese history of the war states that "The Liberation Army of South Vietnam [Viet Cong] is a part of the People's Army of Vietnam". Meaning of Viet Cong. [15] But as China and the Soviets both opposed confrontation at this time, Lê Duẩn's plan was rejected and communists in the South were ordered to limit themselves to economic struggle. ], personne combattant dans un conflit armé[Classe...], conflit armé international entre états[Classe], conflit armé visant à libérer un état, une nation[Classe], Annam, république socialiste du Viêt-Nam, Vietnam, Viet-nam, Viêt Nam[Thème], membre d'une organisation paramilitaire[Classe], Guerre du Viêt Nam, guerre du Viêt-nam[Thème], dictionnaire et traducteur pour sites web. [6] In October 1957, a series of bombs exploded in Saigon and left 13 Americans wounded. A divided Vietnam angered Vietnamese nationalists, but it made the country less of a threat to China.  | Privacy policy The Viet Minh had become the government of Democratic Republic of Vietnam since the Vietnamese 1946 general election, and military forces of the communists regrouped there. Le Viet-Minh; Le Viêt-Minh est un parti politique vietnamien fondé en 1941. Radio Hanoi called it the "National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam" in a January 1961 broadcast announcing the group's formation. Renseignements suite à un email de description de votre projet. En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de ces cookies. The group is better known as the Viet Cong (Việt Cộng) or V.C., short for "Vietnamese Communist. Le Front national de libération du Sud Viêt Nam, ou Front national pour la libération du Sud Viêt Nam ou Front de libération nationale du Sud Viêt Nam (FNL ou FLN) officiellement Mặt trận Dân tộc giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam (Front populaire pour la libération du Sud du Vietnam), abrégé en Mặt trận Giải phóng miền Nam (Front pour la libération du Sud), et également désigné sous le nom de Việt Cộng (dénomination péjorative initialement utilisée par ses adversaires, également orthographiée Viet-Cong o… Les jeux de lettre français sont : [13] COSVN was initially located in Tây Ninh Province near the Cambodian border. [36] The Viet Cong won its first military victory against South Vietnamese forces at Ấp Bắc in January 1963. In January 1966, Australian troops uncovered a tunnel complex which had been used by COSVN. [8] American soldiers referred to the Viet Cong as Victor Charlie or V-C. "Victor" and "Charlie" are both letters in the NATO phonetic alphabet. [13] In May 1959, Group 559 was established to maintain and upgrade the Ho Chi Minh trail, at this time a six-month mountain trek through Laos. Copyright © 2000-2016 sensagent : Encyclopédie en ligne, Thesaurus, dictionnaire de définitions et plus. [40] The Soviets cut aid in 1964 as an expression of annoyance with Hanoi's ties to China. Its military force, the Liberation Army of South Vietnam (LASV), fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side. The truth was that Tet cost us half our forces. The offensive riveted the attention of the world's media for weeks, but also overextended the Viet Cong. : a guerrilla member of the Vietnamese Communist movement. Our losses were so immense that we were unable to replace them with new recruits", said PRG Justice Minister Trương Như Tảng. vietcong definition, meaning, French dictionary, synonym, see also 'vection',viêt-muong',vireton',vietnamo', Reverso dictionary, French definition, French vocabulary [76] Although 1970 was a much better year for the Viet Cong than 1969,[76] it would never again be more than an adjunct to the PAVN. The Viet Cong (Việt cộng ( listen)), or National Liberation Front, was a political organization and army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War (1959–1975), and emerged on the winning side. [52] Viet Cong death squads assassinated at least 37,000 civilians in South Vietnam; the real figure was far higher since the data mostly cover 1967–72. Definition of Vietcong. Prados, John, (2006) "The Road South: The Ho Chi Minh Trail", Nghia M. Vo Saigon: A History 2011 - Page 140 "... on December 19 to 20, 1960, Nguyễn Hữu Thọ, a Saigon lawyer, Trương Như Tảng, chief comptroller of a bank, Drs. A landmark party meeting was held in December 1963, shortly after a military coup in Saigon in which Diệm was assassinated. © 2012 - CNRTL 44, avenue de la Libération BP 30687 54063 Nancy Cedex - France Tél. ), communiste et nationaliste, du Viêt-nam du Sud, par ses adversaires, pendant la guerre du Viêt-nam (1960-1975). Viet Cong, by definition, are not infantry. The level of violence in the South jumped dramatically in the fall of 1961, from 50 guerrilla attacks in September to 150 in October. [83] North and South were merged as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in July 1976 and the PRG was dissolved. A Vietnamese belonging to or supporting the National Liberation Front of the nation formerly named South Vietnam. 14060 (1140) We went into that commission with what we called an open mouth policy which allowed Canada to make public all violations to the peace, which were for the most part by the Viet Cong . "[74] The Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968 led to intense Sino-Soviet tension and to the withdrawal of Chinese forces from North Vietnam. Soutenus par le Vietnam du Nord (et donc par le Viet-Minh… c’est bien, vous suivez), ils sont à l’origine d’une guérilla très efficace contre les troupes américaines: « pièges à cons » (voir encadré ci-dessous), réseaux de tunnels au cœur de la jungle, dissimulation au milieu de la population paysanne,…. The Viet-Cong were cowardly soldiers fighting America, Australia, South Korea and Canada among other white nations. [72] The group's manifesto called for an independent, non-aligned South Vietnam and stated that "national reunification cannot be achieved overnight. On July 8, the Viet Cong killed two U.S. military advisors at Biên Hòa, the first American dead of the Vietnam War. 1) Il donnera son nom à une série de jeux de ce style, notamment Vietcong: Fist Alpha ou Vietcong: Red Dawn [nb 5] Despite this, 1960 was a year of unrest in South Vietnam, with pro-democracy demonstrations inspired by the South Korean student uprising that year and a failed military coup in November. [48] Squads were assigned monthly assassination quotas. Une fenêtre (pop-into) d'information (contenu principal de Sensagent) est invoquée un double-clic sur n'importe quel mot de votre page web. Le Viet Cong a été formé en 1954 et a duré jusqu’en 1976, quand il a été dissoute. Vietcong, also Viet Cong Abbr. Nguyên Ai Quôc, qui n'est pas encore Hô Chi Minh, rentre au Viêt Nam pour poursuivre la lutte indépendantiste. Definition of vietcong in the Definitions.net dictionary. See more. Astuce: parcourir les champs sémantiques du dictionnaire analogique en plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec sensagent. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the past and Vietnam in the present did not and do not recognize the division of Vietnam into two countries. [70] There were no predominantly southern units left and 70 percent of communist troops in the South were northerners. Meaning of vietcong. adj. What does vietcong mean? You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: . Vietcong definition, a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam. [nb 2] In 1969, the Viet Cong created the "Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam" (Chính Phủ Cách Mạng Lâm Thời Cộng Hòa Miền Nam Việt Nam, abbreviated PRG. "[6] Thọ, a lawyer and the NLF's "neutralist" chairman, was an isolated figure among cadres and soldiers. Vietcong (homonymie) • Vietcong (jeu vidéo), révolutionnaire et antirévolutionnaire[Classe], personne qui n'a pas le statut de militaire[ClasseParExt. While Beijing urged a fight to the finish, Moscow suggested a negotiated settlement. The Viet Cong -- also known as the National Liberation Front -- was primarily an army organization based in Southern Vietnam and parts of Cambodia. The Communist-led guerrilla force and revolutionary army of South Vietnam. "It is a major irony of the Vietnam War that our propaganda transformed this debacle into a brilliant victory. [39] The "special war" and "strategic hamlets" policies allowed Saigon to push back in 1962, but in 1963 the Viet Cong regained the military initiative. [45] Six thousand documents were captured, revealing the inner workings of the Viet Cong. The Viet Cong arose after the defeat of the French colonial forces at Dien Bien Phu, which prompted the United States to become gradually more and more involved in Vietnam.Fearing that Vietnam would turn communist — just as China had done in 1949 — and that the contagion would spread to neighboring countries, the United States sent increasing numbers of … [12] The success of this campaign inspired U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower to dub Diệm the "miracle man" when he visited the U.S. in May 1957. [41][nb 6] Even as Hanoi embraced China's international line, it continued to follow the Soviet model of reliance on technical specialists and bureaucratic management, as opposed to mass mobilization. The Viet-Cong fought on behalf of international communism and were financed and equipped by the giant commie powers of USSR and China. After subduing the Bình Xuyên organized crime gang in the Battle for Saigon in 1955, and the Hòa Hảo and other militant religious sects in early 1956, Diệm turned his attention to the Viet Cong. [57] The U.S. and South Vietnamese expected that an announced seven-day truce would be observed during Vietnam's main holiday. ○   jokers, mots-croisés [6] Front groups were favored by the Viet Cong to such an extent that its real leadership remained shadowy until long after the war was over, prompting the expression "the faceless Viet Cong". Pronunciation: (vē-et"kong', -kông', vyet"-, vē"it-), — n., pl. presidency. During the war, communist insurgents and anti-war activists claimed that the Viet Cong was an insurgency indigenous to the South, while the U.S. and South Vietnamese governments portrayed the group as a tool of North Vietnam. [84] According to the memoirs of Trần Văn Trà, the Viet Cong's top commander and PRG defense minister, he followed orders issued by the "Military Commission of the Party Central Committee" in Hanoi, which in turn implemented resolutions of the Politburo. [60] House-to-house fighting between Viet Cong and South Vietnamese Rangers left much of Cholon, a section of Saigon, in ruins. [67] U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and Westmoreland argued that panicky news coverage gave the public the unfair perception that America had been defeated. See more. [38] The USS Core arrived in Saigon with 35 helicopters in December 1961. At this point, there were about 500,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam,[44] as well as 900,000 allied forces. [6], Led by Ngô Đình Diệm, South Vietnam refused to sign the Geneva Accord. Exemple d’utilisation manquant. The North Vietnamese leadership approved tentative measures to revive the southern insurgency in December 1956. Grâce à #ETC, vous ne ferez plus cette erreur de débutant. ○   Lettris [78], In response to the anti-war movement, the U.S. Congress passed the Case–Church Amendment to prohibit further U.S. military intervention in Vietnam in June 1973 and reduced aid to South Vietnam in August 1974. Viet Cong. Those under the control of Viet Cong were designated as “free fire zones” and bombed and shelled, under the assumption that anyone who lived there was Viet Cong by definition. [nb 4] The "2d Liberation Battalion" ambushed two companies of South Vietnamese soldiers in September 1959, the first large unit military action of the war. Définition vietcong dans le dictionnaire de définitions Reverso, synonymes, voir aussi 'vection',viêt-muong',vireton',vietnamo', expressions, conjugaison, exemples It was a turning point in the war. ), communiste et nationaliste, du Viêt-nam du Sud, par ses adversaires, pendant la guerre du Viêt-nam (1960-1975).  | Dernières modifications. Many Liberation Army of South Vietnam units operated at night,[46] and employed terror as a standard tactic. VC. [6] The ratio of Viet Cong to government soldiers jumped from 1:10 in 1961 to 1:5 a year later.[36]. [11] Within a few months, the Viet Cong had been driven into remote swamps. Tous droits réservés. [50] Notable Viet Cong atrocities include the massacre of over 3,000 unarmed civilians at Huế, 48 killed in the bombing of My Canh floating restaurant in Saigon in June 1965[51] and a massacre of 252 Montagnards in the village of Đắk Sơn in December 1967 using flamethrowers. nom donné au Front National de Libération (F.N.L. "Charlie" referred to communist forces in general, both Viet Cong and North Vietnamese. Preoccupations is a Canadian post-punk band from Calgary, Alberta, formed in 2012 under the name Viet Cong.The band consists of Matt Flegel (vocals, bass), Scott Munro (guitar, synth), Daniel Christiansen (guitar) and Mike Wallace (drums). [12] France withdrew its last soldiers from Vietnam in April 1956.[13]. People considered tainted by association with the former South Vietnamese government were sent to reeducation camps, despite the protests of the non-communist PRG members including Tạng. Lettris est un jeu de lettres gravitationnelles proche de Tetris. [49] Government employees, especially village and district heads, were the most common targets. avec . [43] The U.S. would have 200,000 soldiers in South Vietnam by the end of the year.[44]. [61] A photo by Eddie Adams showing the summary execution of a Viet Cong in Saigon on February 1 became a symbol of the brutality of the war. [57] Funeral processions were used to smuggle weapons into Saigon. Even though the Viet Cong, or “National Liberation Front for South Vietnam”, were in some ways an arm of the People’s Army of Vietnam in the North, fighting the same cause (against the U.S. and the Southern Vietnamese government the U.S. was supporting), in fact some members of the Viet Cong were not themselves necessarily communists. [17] President Hồ Chí Minh stressed that violence was still a last resort. Many of the Viet Cong's core members were volunteer "regroupees", southern Viet Minh who had resettled in the North after the Geneva Accord (1954). [30] Violence between the Viet Cong and government forces soon increased drastically from 180 clashes in January 1960 to 545 clashes in September. (COSVN was moved back to South Vietnam following the Easter Offensive.) There was also a U.S. presidential election in 1964. They also waged a mass murder campaign against civilian hamlets and refugee camps; in the peak war years, nearly a third of all civilian deaths were the result of Viet Cong atrocities. Vietcong definition: the Communist-led guerrilla force and revolutionary army of South Vietnam ; the armed... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples LA fenêtre fournit des explications et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire sans obliger votre visiteur à quitter votre page web !

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